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May 18 2015


What Causes Anxiety?

Anxiety can take a lot from you, both emotionally and physically. On top of seeing a physician, you should have an organized plan in place. Without organization, dealing with your anxiety will end up sporadic and unhealthy. You must be organized when coping and with your panic attacks.

Exercise. Enter into doing some kind of daily exercise routine. Go for a walk or perhaps a run, join a fitness center, or purchase a workout DVD that you do each day. This extra activity releases dopamine and seratonin to your body, boosts your mood as well as your oxygen levels. Many of these things interact to keep you healthier, happier and fewer stressed.

Write instructions to your greatest fear about your reason for so concerned about it. Be sure to write precisely why it is causing you to feel that way and just how it is affecting you. Now write a hate letter for your greatest anxiety, then battle it through the letter and write it off!

Make here we are at practicing some relaxation techniques. There are various techniques that you can work to your schedule too. Relaxation techniques like progressive muscle relaxation, mindfulness meditation, plus some deep breathing may lower your anxiety symptoms, and assist you to feel more relaxed so you can have a better emotional well-being.

Learn to say no. Overextending yourself can quickly drain your reserves and then leave your mind racing as you try to meet your commitments. Your refusal to put more on your plate than you can handle may cause disappointment for somebody, but your mental health insurance and well-being are most important.

You can use exercise to get rid of anxiety. Exercise will help you keep busy and obtain healthy simultaneously. It also keeps you from thinking negatively. Being active is also known to produce endorphins in your brain. These provide you with a natural high and help relieve tension that induce anxiety.

When you are suffering from a panic attack, you may be lured to self-medicate yourself with prescription medications or alcohol. This is the last thing you want to do. It may seem to be effective for a while, however it can cause long-term problems with drug addiction and alcoholism.

Lessen the anxiety in your life by understanding how to say no to situations that cause you stress. There isn't any reason to believe that you must be available to fulfill every request that is asked individuals. Learn to not accept responsibility for more than you are able to handle comfortably.

Begin your entire day with a few minutes of affirmations. Tell yourself the way you want your day to visit. Make sure you are using cheerful and motivating words when applying this method. This can help your day go a lot better, which can minimize nervousness throughout the day.

When you are trying to cope with anxiety, you do yourself a big favor by making sure you get enough sleep. When you are under stress, your body reacts as if you are managing a marathon all day.

Your resources are used up faster, and therefore, you need more restful sleep to revive yourself.

Help others whenever you have a chance. If you notice someone that needs help, question them. You may also find an opportunity to help family and friends by simply asking them if they need anything. This will keep your mind off of anxiety and will help you feel happier about yourself.

Keep a log or perhaps a journal to try to figure out what your triggers are. After you have the triggers mapped out, you'll have a better idea of what you can do to lessen the anxiety that you feel within the different situations. Each situation may require a different management technique.

One of the greatest triggers for anxiety is caffeine. Caffeine is really a stimulant. It doesn't only stimulate your body, it stimulate stress hormones too. If you want to remove anxiety out of your life, you have to start with removing all caffeine out of your diet.

Avoid things that could raise your blood pressure. This includes high amounts of salt and sodium, caffeine and even alcohol. These substances can raise your heart rate as well as your blood pressure, making your anxiety symptoms worse. While avoiding these items might not eliminate your anxiety, it will ensure that it stays from feeling so unmanageable.

To conquer any situation by which anxiety rears its head inside a seemingly debilitating manner, do your very best to characterize the problem you are facing as something far more positive than you ordinarily might. By viewing a stressful situation as a valuable chance to gain personal strength, you will find it far easier to handle than it would ordinarily have been.

A great way to help reduce the anxiety that you feel, would be to take a ride with your friends towards the spa. Soaking your body in a jacuzzi, or bath is a superb way to relax, and set things in perspective. Also, the heat helps to you to definitely sweat, and flush out the extra toxins within your body.

When you're having an panic attack, it is a wise decision to splash your face with cold water. Lots of people have heard this, however they may not get it done because they think that it is not likely to really help them. Actually, it causes what is known a dive reflex, and it sends a note to your brain to tell your body to decelerate.

Know your limits should you suffer anxiety. If you have had a stressful day, cancel something that may have been around the schedule for all of those other night. Pop a frozen pizza in the oven for dinner and allow you to ultimately recuperate from the stress, otherwise you may be inviting anxiety to consider over.

Consider your diet plan when dealing with anxiety. A diet that is high is sugar and unrefined carbohydrates can bring about feelings of anxiety. It takes place because when you eat sugary foods, your blood sugar levels raises first. Then, you have a blood sugar drop that can leave you feeling weak, anxious and craving more sugar, which only exacerbates the problem.

Reduce anxiety in your daily life by starting a garden. Gardening has many health benefits, only one of the best benefits is the reduction of personal stress. Gardening connects you with the bigger cycle of life, and may quickly put your anxiety in perspective. It's hard to focus on stress when you're helping the pretty flowers grow.

Try to have a thicker skin when you're dealing with your emotions. If you have strong feelings about something, you're more likely to feel negative about something and worry, which leads to serious anxiety issues. Practice some emotional detachment when you are going through your day-to-day proceedings.

An excellent tip to help reduce the amount of anxiety you are feeling is to cut back on your caffeine intake. Caffeine is really a stimulant which only increases the anxiousness or nervousness you are already feeling. Reducing the amount of caffeine you are taking will help reduce the amount of anxiety you feel.

If you have a problem trying to relax, to be able to release all of your anxiety, you should think about aromatherapy. There are several herbs and flowers that can ease moods, once the aromas are inhaled. Essential oils containing peppermint, bay, anise, and thyme, are a few examples of the scents that you might find effective.

If you are through an anxiety attack or experiencing high anxiety, use breathing strategies to work yourself into a better frame of mind. This can provide a path that will deliver you from your anxiety. Take measured and consistent breaths and concentrate your attention around the breathing before the anxiety subsides.

Avoid thinking about things that worry you by doing another thing. Keep busy by gardening or even, reading a magazine. As soon as you awaken, start your day doing something to maintain your mind free of anxiety. This will keep your mind from those things that bother you and also cause you anxiety.

Try to stay busy with activities and work, to be able to better manage your negative thoughts and fears. This doesn't mean working your life away, but by continuing to keep yourself occupied, you are able to greatly help with your anxious symptoms. Try filling your time with things that you need to do, as well as, things that you like doing.

A terrific way to help you deal with your anxiety would be to identify the things that bring it on. When you determine what causes nervousness, you can better prepare yourself to deal with those situations whenever they arise later on. This way, you can observe what specific what exactly you need to work on.

Planning ahead is a great method to reduce force on a daily basis. Rather than waiting until the last minute for projects at the office or school, start in advance to get rid of any hassle when you face crunch time. This will help to put you in the best position to maintain a positive mindset.

Always make it a point to focus on the positive stuff that are happening in your life, no matter how small or big it may be. Positive thoughts drown the negative ones and the more positive thoughts you've, the smaller the issues in your life, will seem to you.

As you can see, there are various ways to manage your stress levels. Do not expect results immediately because it might take time until you are able to concentrate on your relaxation exercises and truly take control of your anxiety. You'll have to work hard toward this goal, but the result is worth it.

As previously listed, when you are afflicted by anxiety, life can be very challenging. Hopefully, the anxiety-busting tips featured above will help you to get your anxiety levels back in check and allow you to definitely start enjoying life again. So, make sure that you try a few of these tips the next time you start to feel anxious.

May 06 2015


Finding Answers For Significant Factors Of Lancashire

Please enter an email address Your Name Please enter your email address Your message We may provide your Email/IP Address to Law Enforcement Agencies if you misuse this facility Send If you wish, you can contact us using any of the methods below. No 1 Leeds All rights reserved 2015 Johnston Publishing Ltd. This website and its associated newspaper adheres to the Independent Press Standards Organisation's Editors' Code of Practice. If you have a complaint about editorial content which relates to inaccuracy or intrusion, then contact the Editor by clicking here . If you remain dissatisfied with the response provided then you can contact the IPSO by clicking here . Yorkshire Post provides news, events and sport features from the Yorkshire area. For the best up to date information relating to Yorkshire and the surrounding areas visit us at Yorkshire Post regularly or bookmark this page. For you to enjoy all the features of this website Yorkshire Post requires permission to use cookies. Allow Cookies What is a Flash Cookie? Can I opt out of receiving Cookies?

For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/holmfirth-man-in-court-over-glassing-of-dancer-1-7245387

April 29 2015


The Very Latest Local News In London

Goode vibrations still resound at the Ricoh Coventry-born Andy Goode's haul with the boot brought up a century of points for him at the Ricoh Arena, in only seven appearances on his 'home ground' for the Coventry City fan. That took him past an individual century of points at the Ricoh as Wasps took a giant stride towards joining Exeter in next season's European Champions Cup. Despite winning, Wasps remain sixth but, with two games to go they are now within two points of fifth-placed Exeter - and just five behind third-place Saracens as the battle for a top four play-off place hots up. Wasps were ahead after only 70 seconds when, from a scrum 15 metres out, number eight Nathan Hughes picked up and drew in two defenders to provide Wade with a simple, converted try. Within three minutes, Exeter were level when Chudley saw a gap in the defence to race 15 metres to score, Slade converting. After an exchange of penalties, Exeter remained in contention until Waldrom was harshly yellow-carded for a deliberate knock-on, a decision that quickly proved crucial when Wasps earned a penalty try, which Goode converted for a 26-16 half-time lead. Waldrom then forced his way over from close range for his 14th Premiership try of the season to leave Exeter trailing 29-23 at the end of the third quarter. But, although Goode missed with a late penalty to keep the result in doubt, Simpson scored a blistering solo try to seal victory with four minutes to go. The Wasps scrum-half produced an electric burst to run 50 metres to score, Goode adding the extras before Steenson dropped a goal with the final kick of the match. Wasps director of rugby Dai Young: "We have got one foot in the top six, but there are no easy games in the Premiership. "If we can beat Leicester next up then we can cement our place and go into the last game against London Irish and give the top four a real crack. "It was a typical Wasps performance, brilliant on occasions, but we caused ourselves no end of problems.

For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/rugby-union/32399678

Amphetamine found in a freezer Peter Coombe, prosecuting, said the conspiracy started in October 2013 and ran until the Devon and Cornwall Police raid in August 2014. In that time five drugs runs had been made to Exeter. He said the gang was in contact with people in Liverpool and Berkshire who were sourcing drugs from an organised crime group. The court heard the drugs were mixed for resupply which yielded "greater profits". 'Lavish lifestyles' The defendants are: Richard Armitage, 33, of Week St Mary, near Holsworthy, admitted conspiracy to supply amphetamines and cannabis. Jailed for five years and three months Gary Turley, 55, of Fullers Court, Exeter, admitted conspiracy to supply amphetamines and cannabis. Jailed for two years and six months Brett Seldon, 33, of Briar Crescent, Exeter, admitted conspiracy to supply amphetamines. Jailed for five years and three months Marc Smith, 30, of Briar Crescent, Exeter, admitted conspiracy to supply amphetamines. Jailed for three years and four months Shaun Greenham, 33, of Wonford Road, Exeter admitted conspiracy to supply amphetamines. Jailed for two years and six months Richard Evans, 47, of High Street, Newton Poppleford, admitted conspiracy to supply amphetamines. Yet to be sentenced. Officers found amphetamine in the freezer of a property After court, Det Sgt Rob Youngman said "Seldon and Armitage were controlling the commercial supply of drugs from Liverpool and Slough and did so to fund their lavish lifestyles, which included high performance vehicles, clothing, gadgets and gambling.

For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-devon-32498295#sa-ns_mchannel=rss&ns_source=PublicRSS20-sa

April 23 2015


Some Guidelines On Deciding On Criteria Of Business Insurance

Your insurance agent is always available to help you lower your insurance costs, so provide him a call. He is well versed on all the various discounts offered by your insurance company, so he is able to help you figure out every way possible to reduce your premiums and increase your coverage.Prior to going it alone to buy insurance, consider getting at least a consultation with an insurance broker. He or she can help advise you on factors that you may not have even considered or which are too technical for any layman to understand. An insurance professional will review your finances, risk areas, age and family status, that will help you pick the right levels of coverage.Be proactive when confronted with an insurance company. If you're filing claims, supply insurance companies with evidence of the damage done as soon as you can. Provide them with your estimations of how much they owe you. Don't wait for the insurance provider to give you their own estimations.Always be polite.

All policies possess a short cancellation period after the date of purchase in case it is needed.If you are an empty-nester moving to your new home, do not take the risk of your hard-earned things for the home and valuables being damaged or lost in transit. Spend the cash to insure your goods when they are being gone to live in your new empty nest. Many moving companies offer such policies, and they are well worth the incremental extra expense.Get lower insurance costs by paying for your insurance annually or twice a year instead of monthly. Most insurance providers give a good discount for paying up-front. Additionally, many insurance firms charge a monthly fee of $2-$3 along with higher rates for payment per month, so your savings can really add up whenever you pay ahead of time.Consider signing up for a decreasing term insurance program. This type of insurance is designed to supplement your investment funds if you were to pass away before the investments reach a particular level. The higher the investment grows, the greater affordable the monthly premium becomes. Using this type of insurance you will save money over the life of your policy.As this article indicates you, you don't have to be a rocket scientist to be educated enough to research and buy an insurance policy.

You never know what issues may arise, and being well covered for any eventuality will give you great peace of mind. When choosing what insurance coverage to take out, try not to consider cost saving options only. Make sure that you read the small print and check the details. Higher premium insurance policies may be tougher on the pocket, but if a problem with your business arises, you will be very grateful of it. Below are three types of cover to consider for your small business, that will help cover you for most, if not all, eventualities.General Liability InsuranceGeneral Liability Insurance is the basic insurance all businesses are required to take out. General liability insurance protects your business assets.

Discovering more about the insurance coverage you need is the greatest way to start your search, with these tips offering an excellent guide forward.If the option is available to you, you should always purchase your insurance from a large insurance company. Small insurance providers frequently go out of business and rarely has got the personnel or technology necessary to provide you with the best customer service. If a small insurance company goes out of business you may lose any prepaid expenses you deposited.In any event that might create a claim that involves more events, stick the conversation to the facts. Any opinions or charged statements you make when dealing with another person or legal entity might get used by their insurance lawyers in the court. Let the insurance companies handle blame and settlements.Before doing business with any insurance carrier, make sure that your state both licenses and covers them.

February 18 2015


Hubby Fakes Own Kidnap On FB To Get 300 GBP From Wife

18. 02. 15. - 14:00

A scheming husband who faked his own kidnapping on Facebook to get 300 GBP off his wife is facing jail.

Unemployed builder Eliot Garrido Guido, 36, from the Mexican capital Mexico City hatched his diabolical plan after being unable to stand the fact that his banker wife Constanza was earning more than him since he lost his job three months earlier.

Roping in pal Martinez Reyes, 42, the two went to a derelict house in the city where Reyes tied Garrido up and then took photos of him with a bag over his head tied up on a stool.

The pair then uploaded the images to Garrido's Facebook telling his wife he was being held over 900 miles away in the seaside resort of Playa del Carmen.

Stunned Constanza, 34, said: "When I saw the message and the photos I couldn't believe what was happening.

"The kidnappers had demanded 7,000 Pesos (300 GBP), and said my husband was being tortured.

"They said they would kill him if I didn't pay up.

"I was seriously worried but when I contacted them they said I should leave the money at an address in Mexico City.

"I asked them why I should do that if they were in Playa del Carmen, and they just said do it.

"But it didn't make sense so I contacted the police."

When police arrived and examined the message they quickly discovered it had been sent from nearby after spotting the message's location identifier.

A police spokesman said: "We found them in a house about 300 metres away.

"They both confessed and were arrested on the spot."

The men now face five years in jail.

Austrian Times


February 15 2015


The Third Man, review

The Third Man (1949) was directed by Carol Reed and starred Joseph Cotten, Alida Valli, Orson Welles and Trevor Howard. Running time: 104 minutes.

Carol Reed made The Third Man in 1949, when he was at the peak of his powers. It was the last in a trilogy of films, preceded by Odd Man Out and The Fallen Idol, that established him as Britain's leading director. As in The Fallen Idol, Graham Greene wrote the script, but what's still riveting today is that every component seems inspired.

At first glance, the plot looks pedestrian. Hack writer Holly Martins fetches up in post-war Vienna at the invitation of old friend Harry Lime, only to find that he has apparently died. But nothing's as it appears.

Sleaze and skulduggery pervade the city, brilliantly caught in Robert Krasker's atmospheric camerawork, with its bleak vistas of war-damaged buildings, rain-sodden streets and half-lit cafés. "Everyone should be careful in Vienna," Martins is warned and the advice is well taken.

But Carol Reed was a master of the unexpected. There's a scene in which Martins is "kidnapped" and rushed through the back streets of Vienna to meet "Mr Big". The camera angles are lurid and menacing and we fear the worst. But Mr Big proves merely to be the epicene Wilfrid Hyde-White, eager to invite an American novelist to address his reading circle.

The film's chock-full of memorable scenes and locations, from the sequence set on the Ferris wheel high above the Prater, where Martins learns that Harry Lime (Orson Welles) is alive and dangerous, to the dank sewers where the climax is played out.

Throughout the film the sense of Vienna as a frazzled echo of its glorious past is underpinned by Reed's greatest trouvaille - the discovery of Anton Karas's zither melodies, used as the only musical accompaniment. Half-jaunty, half-melancholic, they epitomise, like the film itself, a world gone sadly to seed.


February 11 2015


Austria sends armoured vehicles to rescue people trapped by ice storms

Residents have been warned to stay indoors because of the danger from falling branches, and schools have been closed.

Authorities ordered the evacuation of Hohe Wand, a mountainous area around 30 miles south of Vienna, as local reports spoke of trees falling "almost every minute".

Residents living in wooden houses were ordered to leave on Wednesday, after the only road to the area was cut off by fallen trees and boulders. Some 60 people living in stone houses were initially allowed to stay, but they too were ordered out on Thursday as the situation worsened dramatically.

"It's too dangerous now in the houses, and on top of that, no one can get through to the houses any more," Wolfgang Bierbauer of the mountain rescue service told Radio Lower Austria.

Elsewhere there were reports of a "slow easing" of conditions as slightly warmer temperatures brought a gradual thaw.

Although Austria is used to harsh winter weather, such a severe ice storm is unusual. Freezing rain, caused by a sudden drop in the ground temperature, formed a layer of ice as it fell.

Rescue workers told Österreich newspaper of a "rare natural spectacle" and the "breathtaking sight" of thousands of trees coated in ice.

But Martina Bierbaumer, who lives in the cut-off town of Rosalia, told the newspaper she could hear trees falling every few minutes, and said the atmosphere was "restless and fearful".


February 08 2015


Pegida plans march in Linz on Sunday

Possible provocateurs in action at the Pegida march in Vienna on Monday. Photo: APA/HERBERT P. OCZERET

After the less-than-stellar showing on Monday in Vienna, with at least five times the number of counter demonstrators, the German anti-Islamization movement is taking to the streets in Linz on Sunday.

According to the recently resigned Pegida spokesman Georg Immanuel Nagel, the demonstration in Vienna was a complete success, despite the relatively low levels of attendance compared to similar demonstrations in Germany.

The group is now planning a demonstration on Sunday afternoon in Linz, starting at 15:30.

The march in Vienna was marred by isolated incidents of Nazi greetings and salutes, leading Austrian police to call for media companies to provide footage, in which possible violations of the country's Nazi prohibition laws may have occurred.

According to an announcement posted on the Pegida Austria Facebook page, the group plans an additional march in Vienna later in the year, although no date has been announced.  

"Even if not everything went completely according to plan, we received a clear signal from our members for more public participation and transparency", write the group's spokesman.

Police are considering whether subsequent marches will be allowed, given the possible violations of the prohibition law.

The group claims that the incidents on Monday were largely the work of left-wing provocateurs mixing with their real supporters. They disassociated themselves from the actions of such participants.

"We do not know who this man was and why he carried out this gesture. We assume that he was a provocateur," said Nagel in a statement to the APA.


February 04 2015


Croatian Model Stabs Twin Sister In Row Over Man

02. 02. 15. - 14:00

A Croatian model has been arrested and faces attempted murder charges after she stabbed her identical twin sister because she was jealous of her relationship with a man they both liked.

Sara Grkovic, 22, and her twin sister Dajana Grkovic lived together with their mother in the northern Croatian port city of Rijeka where neighbours said they were always polite and friendly.

But police were called after hearing a violent row that ended with Sara plunging a kitchen knife into her twin sister leaving her critically injured and fighting for her life.

One neighbour told local TV: "They were always immaculately groomed and polite, and as alike as two peas in a pod. I never knew which one was passing me in the corridor but they always said hello.

"They were apparently arguing about a man that they both liked. He seems to have settled down in a relationship with Dajana and Sara was not happy about it. I never would have thought it would come to her trying to kill her sister though."

She said that she did not often see the two girls together although they lived together, and thought that despite the fact they were identical twins there was an element of jealousy between the two over who was the more attractive, which seems to have spiralled out of control in the latest row.

She said: "Both of them were stunning, I don't think they worried about competition from other women, but they were certainly jealous of each other."

Dajana is currently in the intensive care ward at the local hospital with a deep wound to her chest and to her thigh although doctors said her condition was now stable.

Their divorced mother had apparently left them alone in the flat after going to Germany for work, and the father had had nothing to do with the two girls or his ex-wife after the divorce - including not paying any maintenance according to family friends.

One told local media: "They had been a bit wild since their mother went away, and they were left to their own devices. But we never thought it would come to something like this."

Austrian Times


February 03 2015


15-year-old boy from Vienna hacked e-mail accounts of Austrian police

"I have hacked the computer of Viennas police", boasted a 15-year-old teenager to his friends. His friends worried about the security of Vienna and went directly to the police to tell them the news. The policemen themselfes were not able to notice the uninvited intruder in their computer system.

There was a quick reaction after the information was reported. The computer of the 15-year-old boy was confiscated. Now the police wants to know how it was possible to get into Viennas police system. But there are also doubts if the story is true. Yesterday almost all Austrian newspapers reported about it, but the police don't wanted to confirm the hack. To play if safe, the police changed all their passwords. You never know.

If you are thinking of taking a trip to Austria the following link has some further information on Vienna hotels.

Von admin am 10.01.2011 um 07:52 Uhr gespeichert unter Crime


February 01 2015


Man jailed for far-right Facebook comments

A 36-year-old man from Lower Austria has received an 18 month conditional prison sentence and been ordered to pay a EUR500 fine for making far-right statements on Facebook.

The judge was told that the man, a father of three from Wiener Neustadt, had become a skinhead at the age of 12, and had his first Nazi-inspired tattoos at the age of 14.

"This stupid ideology has been inside me since I was a teenager - I can't deny it. But I never intended to do anything radical or even incite people," the man said in his defence.

He admitted to posting a number of xenophobic and Nazi-inspired comments on the internet in 2012 and 2013. He said that on one occasion he wrote "Happy Birthday Papa Adolf" on Facebook when he was drunk, and that he would often write inflammatory statements after having too many beers. "Sometimes I couldn't even remember doing it the next day, until friends would call me and tell me I was an idiot," he said.

The 36-year-old had previous convictions for damaging property but swore to the jury that he intended to renounce the "stupidity of his youth". He plead guilty and said he regretted all of the comments he had made.

He was sentenced under Austria's Prohibition Act which aims to suppress any potential revival of Nazism.


January 28 2015


Two young American ski racers die in Austrian avalanche

Two young ski racers training with the US development-level ski team were killed in an avalanche in the Austrian Alps on Monday, the US Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA) said on its website.

Ronnie Berlack, 20, and Bryce Astle, 19, were caught by the avalanche while free-skiing in Soelden, in the Tyrol region, USSA said in a statement. Four other team members skiing with them survived.

Berlack, from Franconia, New Hampshire, had been on the U.S. development team since 2013 and Astle, from Sandy, Utah, had been invited to train with it this season.

"Ronnie and Bryce were both outstanding ski racers who were passionate about their sport - both on the race course and skiing the mountain," U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association President Tiger Shaw said in a statement.

"Both of them loved what they did and conveyed that to those around them."

Berlack was named to the development team following two top-20s at the 2013 U.S. Alpine Championships and a spring tryout camp. Astle had posted strong early season results, including two top-10 NorAm Cup races last month in Canada.

The Austrian broadcaster ORF said neither man was wearing avalanche emergency gear.

The danger level on the mountain at the time was rated at three on a scale of five, meaning there was a "considerable" risk of avalanche, according to the Austrian news agency APA.


January 18 2015


The Third Man, review

January 16 2015


Putin wants the world to honor Russia again

January 14 2015


Austria can't close Saudi-funded IGO

January 11 2015


Thomas Schaffer, massive two-way standout from Austria, receives Oregon Ducks offer

January 09 2015


No OPEC output cut despite dip below $50

January 07 2015


Antarctic ice thicker than previously thought, study finds

The Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV), Jaguar, above, in the East Antarctic Sea, creating three-dimensional maps of the underside of sea ice. Photograph: WHOI

Groundbreaking 3D mapping of previously inaccessible areas of the Antarctic has found that the sea ice fringing the vast continent is thicker than previous thought.

Two expeditions to Antarctica by scientists from the UK, USA and Australia analysed an area of ice spanning 500,000 metres squared, using a robot known as SeaBed.

The survey discovered ice thickness average between 1.4m and 5.5m, with a maximum ice thickness of 16m. Scientists also discovered that 76% of the mapped ice was 'deformed' - meaning that huge slabs of ice have crashed into each other to create larger, denser bodies of ice.

The team behind the research, published in Nature Geoscience, have hailed it as an important breakthrough in better understanding the vast icy wilderness. The findings will provide a starting point to further work to discover how ice thickness, as well as extent, is changing.

Previously, measurements of Antarctic ice thickness were hindered by technological constraints. Ice breaking ships could only go so far into ice to measure depth, while no-one had drilled much more than 5.5m down into the ice to extract a core for analysis.

SeaBed, an autonomous underwater vehicle (or AUV), was used by the research team to analyse ice thickness at an underwater depth of 20 to 30 metres. Driven in a "lawnmower" pattern, the two-metre long robot used upward-looking sonar to measure and map the underside of sea ice floes. Oceanography robots are usually focused on the sea floor.

The mapping took place during two expeditions, in 2010 and 2012, that took researchers to the coastal areas of the Weddell, Bellingshausen, and Wilkes Land regions of Antarctica. The teams came from the British Antarctic Survey, the Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies in Tasmania and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in the US.

Dr Guy Williams, from IMAS, said the research is an important step in gauging changes to Antarctic ice.

"Sea ice is an important indicator of the polar climate but measuring its thickness has been tricky," said Williams, the report's co-author. "Along with the satellite data, it was a bit like taking an X-ray of the ice, although we haven't X-rayed much of it, just a postage stamp.

"The key thing is that this is a game changer because it was previously very challenging to measure ice depth. We were limited to visual observation from the decks of ships or ice cores and take measures.

"It was a lot of hard work and quite crude, which means we were biased towards thinner ice. It was a bit like a doctor diagnosing a condition by prodding the skin."

Mapping the Antarctic sea ice

Williams said researchers will now make routine surveys of ice thickness to determine changes over a long period of time. As well as tracking alterations due to climate change, the research will be of interest to marine biologists due to the creatures, such as krill, that inhabit the region.

"This is a big step forward in our knowledge but we'll need to have longer missions in larger areas," he said. "What we ultimately want is a team of autonomous robots that self deploy all across the Antarctic, like the spokes in a wheel."

Hanumant Singh, an engineering scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution whose lab designed, built and operated the AUV, said: "Putting an AUV together to map the underside of sea ice is challenging from a software, navigation and acoustic communications standpoint.

The Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) Puma in the East Antarctic Seato mesure sea ice.The AUV Jaguar getting deployed into the East Antarctic Sea. Photograph: Peter Kimball/WHOI

"SeaBed's manoeuvrability and stability made it ideal for this application where we were doing detailed floe-scale mapping and deploying, as well as recovering in close-packed ice conditions.

"It would have been tough to do many of the missions we did, especially under the conditions we encountered, with some of the larger vehicles."


If you are thinking of visiting Austria the following link has detailed information on cheap last minute Vienna hotel deals.

January 04 2015


River cruises in Europe: From the Rhine and Rhone to the Danube and Douro

January 02 2015


Woman walks dog while sitting in her Mercedes

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